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  1. Preventable disease in correctional facilities : Desmoteric foodborne outbreaks in the United States, 1974-1991.

    Article - En anglais


    Recent foodborne outbreaks in correctional facilities in Georgia and Delaware prompted us to review the epidemiological characteristics of such outbreaks reported in the United States.


    Foodborne outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as part of routine surveillance from 1974 to 1991 were examined to identify outbreaks in jails, prisons, correctional facilities, and juvenile detention centers.

    Outbreak sizes, temporal trends, food vehicles, pathogens, and hygienic transgressions were analyzed.


    Eighty-eight desmoteric foodborne outbreaks involving 14 307 cases of illness were reported from 31 states and territories.

    The mean outbreak size was 163 cases, compared with a mean of 31 cases for the 9107 reported outbreaks not involving prisoners.

    No fatalities among prisoners were reported.

    No pathogen was identified in 47 (53%) of the 88 outbreaks.

    Salmonella species accounted for 15 (37%) of 41 outbreaks of known cause from 1974 to 1991, Clostridium perfringens for 14 (34%), and Staphylococcus aureus for 9 (22%). Fourteen of 15 Salmonella outbreaks occurred from 1984 to 1991.

    Food vehicles were reported for 63 (72%) of the outbreaks.

    Beef and poultry each were implicated in 9 (14%) of these, followed by fish or poultry salads and Mexican food, which accounted for 6 outbreaks (10%). Food-handling errors were reported for 69 (78%) of the 88 outbreaks. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Milieu carcéral, Homme, Prévention, Pullulation, Salmonella, Enterobacteriaceae, Bactérie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Intoxication alimentaire, Hygiène, Conservation aliment, Assurance qualité

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carceral environment, Human, Prevention, Outbreak, Salmonella, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteria, United States, North America, America, Food poisoning, Hygiene, Food preservation, Quality assurance

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0440277

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 10/04/1997.