The objective of the present study was to review the literature on the risk of knee disorders in connection with kneeling or squatting work and heavy physical work.
A systematic review of the literature revealed 19 controlled studies on this correlation : 16 on osteoarthrosis, 5 on bursitis, 3 on meniscal lesions, and 0 on chondromalacia.
All the studies demonstrated a significantly increased prevalence of knee osteoarthrosis (all degrees) for subjects with kneeling or squatting work.
The prevalence ratio in most of these studies was between 1.4 and 4. Four of eight studies demonstrated a significantly increased prevalence of knee osteoarthrosis in subjects with heavy physical work.
The prevalence ratio in most of these studies was between 1.4 and 4.1. All the studies on bursitis showed an increased prevalence of bursitis in subjects with kneeling work.
Occupational exposure could not be sufficiently documented as the cause of meniscal lesions and chondromalacia.
Mots-clés Pascal : Condition travail, Charge travail, Poste travail, Genou pathologie, Bursite, Chondromalacie, Ménisque, Revue bibliographique, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Article synthèse, Médecine travail, Ergonomie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Juxtaarticulaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Working condition, Workload, Workplace layout, Knee disease, Bursitis, Chondromalacia, Semilunar cartilage, Bibliographic review, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Occupational exposure, Human, Review, Occupational medicine, Ergonomics, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Juxtaarticular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0439406
Code Inist : 002B15G. Création : 10/04/1997.