Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess the hypothesized association between persistent organochlorine compounds through the consumption of fatty fish from the Baltic Sea (at the Swedish east coast) and low birthweight.
Materials and methods During the period 1973-1991,72 cases of low birthweight (1500-2750 g) were selected from among infants born to fishermen's wives within a cohort from the Swedish east coast.
For each case two referents were selected.
The mothers were interviewed about their dietary and smoking habits and place of living during childhood and adolescence.
Results A high total current intake of fish from the Baltic Sea (= 4 meals per month) tended to increase the risk of having an infant with low birthweight [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.9,95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.9-3.9]. The effect was more conspicuous for the boys (OR 3.4,95% CI 1.1-11).
No such effects were observed when the estimated intake of fish was considered for the period in which the infant was born.
However, mothers who had grown up in a fishing village had an increased risk of having an infant with low birthweight (OR 2.1,95% CI 1.0-4.3).
Conclusions The variable « grown up in a fishing village » can be interpreted as an indirect measure of a mother's accumulated consumption of fish from the Baltic Sea.
This idea supports an association between a high consumption of contaminated fish from the Baltic Sea and an increased risk for low birthweight. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation alimentaire, Régime alimentaire, Poisson comestible, Poids naissance faible, Contamination, Biphényle(polychloro), Dibenzo-p-dioxine(polychloro), Dibenzofurane(polychloro), Santé et environnement, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Toxicité, Nouveau né, Homme, Femme, Suède, Europe, Gestation pathologie, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Food intake, Diet, Edible fish, Low birth weight, Contamination, Polychlorobiphenyl, Health and environment, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Toxicity, Newborn, Human, Woman, Sweden, Europe, Pregnancy disorders, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0438356
Code Inist : 002B03H. Création : 10/04/1997.