Health care workers are exposed to various infectious agents that can lead to disease transmission during patient care.
Emergency first-responders, paramedics, and emergency medical technicians (EMTs) are a subgroup of health care workers particularly at risk for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recommended universal precautions to prevent occupational transmission of bloodborne pathogens among health care workers.
This cross-sectional study evaluates risks and behaviors for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens among urban paramedics and EMTs in Dade County, Florida.
Reported exposure via multiple routes was common, especially among paramedics.
Knowledge of universal precautions was high, but reported practices were suboptimal because of inadequate information, as well as logistical and access issues.
Additional research, administrative effort, and regulation are needed to increase the application of universal precautions in the prehospital setting.
Mots-clés Pascal : Personnel sanitaire, Urgence, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Risque infectieux, Virus, Contamination, Facteur risque, Accident travail, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus hépatite C, Flaviviridae, Virus hépatite B, Hepadnaviridae, Pompier, Sang, Constituant sang, Profession paramédicale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health staff, Emergency, United States, North America, America, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Infectious risk, Virus, Contamination, Risk factor, Occupational accident, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Hepatitis C virus, Flaviviridae, Hepatitis B virus, Hepadnaviridae, Firefighter, Blood, Blood product
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0436177
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 10/04/1997.