MEDICHEM Congress on Occupational and Environmental Health in the Chemical Industry. Cambridge, Massachusetts USA, 1995/09/19.
The cohort consisted of 11,178 Mead Corporation employees (9,358 males and 1,820 females) who had worked for at least one year between January 1,1975 and December 31,1992 at seven pulp and/or paper mills in the United States.
The vital status of the cohort was determined through a variety of sources over an observation period of 17 years (1976-1992).
Mortality data were analyzed in terms of cause-specific standardized mortality ratios (SMRs), with expected deaths based on U.S. national mortality rates.
Job categories with similar exposures were created based on an historical exposure assessment.
Mortality analyses were performed separately for total female and male employees.
Among female employees, overall mortality was less than expected, and no significant cause-specific mortality excesses were observed.
The small number of deaths among female employees did not permit further detailed analyses.
Among male employees, statistically significant deficits from overall mortality (SMR=69.0) and from all cancers (SMR=71.3) were reported.
In addition, low mortality risks for many specific causes were also observed, including many specific cancer sites, various types of cardiovascular diseases, and different forms of nonmalignant respiratory diseases.
In particular, there was no mortality excess from lung cancer (SMR=77.5), digestive cancer (SMR=69.4), stomach cancer (SMR=46.7), laryngeal cancer (no observed death), rectal cancer (SMR=82. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Papeterie, Industrie papier, Homme, Médecine travail, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Morbidité, Temps exposition, Activité professionnelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Epidemiology, Paper mill, Paper industry, Human, Occupational medicine, United States, North America, America, Morbidity, Exposure time, Professional activity
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0435895
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.