Sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus infection.
The role of sexual transmission in the diffusion of HCV infection, was studied through the seroprevalence of anti-HCV antibodies in the heterosexual habitual partners of 83 anti-HCV positive subjects.
The index cases were represented by 10 dialysed subjects, 31 patients with chronic liver disease and 42 healthy carriers.
Seroprevalence of anti-HCV positivity reported in partners was 8.43%, with a higher rate in cohabitants of patients with chronic liver disease (16.12% vs 4.76% of carriers) ; no case was found among partners of dialysed subjects.
Laboratory and ultrasonograph signs of chronic hepatitis were reported in 3 cases (3.61%). Control on 70% of the cohabitants'relatives, was negative for HCV infections.
These data suggest a possible sexual transmission of HCV infection, even if its prevalence resulted modest, undoubtedly lower than in other disease sexually transmitted.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Sérologie, Hétérosexualité, Transmission, Relation sexuelle, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Serology, Heterosexuality, Transmission, Sexual intercourse, Human, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0435483
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 10/04/1997.