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  1. Sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus infection.

    Article - En anglais

    The role of sexual transmission in the diffusion of HCV infection, was studied through the seroprevalence of anti-HCV antibodies in the heterosexual habitual partners of 83 anti-HCV positive subjects.

    The index cases were represented by 10 dialysed subjects, 31 patients with chronic liver disease and 42 healthy carriers.

    Seroprevalence of anti-HCV positivity reported in partners was 8.43%, with a higher rate in cohabitants of patients with chronic liver disease (16.12% vs 4.76% of carriers) ; no case was found among partners of dialysed subjects.

    Laboratory and ultrasonograph signs of chronic hepatitis were reported in 3 cases (3.61%). Control on 70% of the cohabitants'relatives, was negative for HCV infections.

    These data suggest a possible sexual transmission of HCV infection, even if its prevalence resulted modest, undoubtedly lower than in other disease sexually transmitted.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Sérologie, Hétérosexualité, Transmission, Relation sexuelle, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Serology, Heterosexuality, Transmission, Sexual intercourse, Human, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0435483

    Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 10/04/1997.