The chlorine controversy.
MEDICHEM Congress on Occupational and Environmental Health in the Chemical Industry. Cambridge, Massachusetts USA, 1995/09/19.
Environmental groups have called for a phaseout of the use of chlorine in industrial chemistry on the grounds that such use inevitably leads to the production of persistent, bioaccumulative toxins.
This policy prescription is based on an application of the Precautionary Principle which holds that industry should demonstrate that its products and processes are safe before allowing releases of product or waste into the environment.
The chemical industry has rejected the call to phaseout chlorine, and claims that available data on either the environmental exposure pathways or the toxicology of chlorinated compounds are inadequate to support responsible decision-making.
Industry leaders have called for environmental policy to be based on sound science, comparative risk assessment, and cost-benefit analysis.
The controversy over chlorine shows that the U.S. environmental policy-making framework may no longer be capable of producing solutions to environmental problems that satisfy important constituencies within our society.
Mots-clés Pascal : Chlore, Polluant, Environnement, Industrie chimique, Politique sanitaire, Protection environnement, Rejet eau usée, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Chlorine, Pollutant, Environment, Chemical industry, Health policy, Environmental protection, Waste water discharge, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0435425
Code Inist : 002B03M01. Création : 10/04/1997.