Aim of the study was to record the prevalence of the various types of viral hepatitis, especially hepatitis B, in pregnant Albanian refugees in Greece.
The study comprised 500 pregnant refugees of mean age 25.1 ± 4.6 years.
In Albania, all women had lived in overcrowded houses and had been exposed to non throw-away needles and syringes.
Various indices for all hepatitis types were determined.
The prevalence of HBsAg was 13.4%, of anti-HBs 53%, of total anti-HBc 70.8%, of anti-HBc IgM 0.4%, of HBeAg 1.2%, of anti-HBe 58.6%, of anti-HAV 96.2%, of anti-HAV IgM 1%, of anti-HDV 0.4%, of anti-HCV 0.6% and of anti-HEV 2%. HBeAg was found positive in 7.5% of HBsAg carriers.
Prevalence of hepatitis B markers, as determined by HBsAg and/or anti-HBs and/or total anti-HBc was significantly higher in those with a history of previous hospitalization in Albania (p=0.01) and those with previous history of hepatitis (p=0.02).
The high prevalence of hepatitis B markers in pregnant Albanian refugees proves that HBV infection is highly endemic in Albania and the possibility of perinatal transmission to the offsprings urges for HBV vaccination programmes.
On the other hand improvements in the socioeconomic conditions and the sanitation system in Albania is anticipated to reduce the incidence of HAV and HBV infections.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Gestation, Femme, Homme, Réfugié, Grèce, Europe, Sérologie, Hygiène, Statut socioéconomique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Albanais
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Pregnancy, Woman, Human, Refugee, Greece, Europe, Serology, Hygiene, Socioeconomic status, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0434830
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 10/04/1997.