In the group of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) are considered to be more frequent in Western countries and in areas with a high socioeconomic development but relatively infrequent in southern Europe.
Sporadic reports have indicated a lower incidence and a milder course of the disease in Mediterranean countries.
Although conclusive data on this point are still lacking, recent reports suggest an increase in both incidence and prevalence rates.
- The incidence of UC and CD during the period January 1978 to December 1992 and their prevalence on 31 December 1992 were estimated in the 15-year-old population of the metropolitan area of Florence.
Clinical, demographic, and follow-up information was collected for all identified IBD patients.
A total of 796 residents (345 females and 454 males) were newly diagnosed as having IBD during the study period.
Of these 593 had UC and 203 CD.
The age-standardized incidence rates, calculated for each of five 3-year consecutive periods, rose from 3.8 (in 1978-80) to 9.6 per 100,000 person-years (in 1990-92) for UC and from 1.9 (in 1978-80) to 3.4 (in 1990-92) for CD.
Both trends were statistically significant.
The prevalence estimated on 31 December 1992 was 121.0 and 40.0 per 100,000 inhabitants for UC and CD, respectively. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Rectocolite ulcérohémorragique, Entérite Crohn, Prévalence, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Homme, Italie, Europe, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Maladie inflammatoire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease, Prevalence, Incidence, Epidemiology, Human, Italy, Europe, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Inflammatory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0432760
Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 10/04/1997.