Back pain causes a considerable loss of working days as well as health care costs and therefore represents a major public health problem in industrialized countries.
Psychosocial factors have received increasing attention from researchers studying the causal factors of non-specific back pain.
However, most studies focus on few dimensions, like individual or work-related factors.
We studied the simultaneous association of various factors representing psychosocial, behavioral, and health-related dimensions to self-reported back pain.
Data from the Berne Workplace Health Project on 850 employed men and women was analyzed.
Back pain was operationalized by a dichotomized variable (having suffered moderately to severely from back pain in the preceding four weeks).
The theoretical model guiding the underlying project was a general demand-resource model.
Variables that-according to that model-were hypothesized to be related to back pain as well as more specific factors-like physical work load-were analyzed by stepwise logistic regression analysis.
In men, there was a statistical trend (P<0.1) for several work-related factors (low job discretion, high job demands, low job satisfaction).
In women, dissatisfaction with salary was the only work-related factor associated with back pain.
There was no significant association between private context factors, like poor social network or high demands/low control, and back pain. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Lombalgie, Autoévaluation, Epidémiologie, Homme, Santé, Condition travail, Personnalité, Mode de vie, Statut socioéconomique, Sexe, Facteur risque, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Douleur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Rachialgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low back pain, Self evaluation, Epidemiology, Human, Health, Working condition, Personality, Life habit, Socioeconomic status, Sex, Risk factor, United States, North America, America, Pain, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Rachialgia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0432012
Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 10/04/1997.