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  1. The effect of socioeconomic status on chronic disease risk behaviors among US adolescents.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    - To examine the relationship between socioeconomic status and risk behaviors for chronic disease among a nationally representative sample of adolescents in the United States.

    Design

    - Household survey, the Youth Risk Behavior Survey supplement to the 1992 National Health Interview Survey.

    Setting

    - United States.

    Participants

    - Nationally representative sample of 6321 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years.

    Main Outcome Measures

    - Standardized prevalence rates and logistic and multiple regression models were used to examine the effect of educational level of the responsible adult and family income on 5 risk behaviors for chronic disease among adolescents-cigarette smoking, sedentary lifestyle, insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables, excessive consumption of foods high in fat, and episodic heavy drinking of alcohol.

    Results

    - Most adolescents (63%) reported 2 or more of the 5 risk behaviors.

    Controlling forage, sex, race/ethnicity, and school enrollment status of adolescents, as the educational level of the responsible adult increased, cigarette smoking, sedentary lifestyle, and insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables were less likely among adolescents.

    Among girls, but not boys, consumption of foods high in fat decreased as education of the responsible adult increased.

    As family income increased, adolescents were less likely to smoke cigarettes, less likely to be sedentary, and less likely to engage in episodic heavy drinking.

    Conclusion

    (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Statut socioéconomique, Maladie, Chronique, Facteur risque, Comportement, Adolescent, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Socioeconomic status, Disease, Chronic, Risk factor, Behavior, Adolescent, Human, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0426755

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 10/04/1997.