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  1. Health and social precursors of unemployment in young men in Great Britain.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To identify health and socioeconomic factors in childhood that are precursors of unemployment in early adult life and to examine the hypothesis that young men who become unemployed are more likely to have accumulated risks to health during childhood.

    Design

    Longitudinal birth cohort study.

    The amount of unemployment experienced in early adult life up to age 32 years was the outcome measure used.

    Exposure measures to indicate vulnerability to future ill health were : height at age 7 years and the Bristol social adjustment guide (BSAG) at age 11 years, a measure of behavioural maladjustment.

    Socioeconomic measures were 

    Social class at birth, crowding at age 7, qualifications attained before labour market entry, and region of residence.

    Setting

    Great Britain.

    Subjects

    Altogether 2256 men with complete data from the national child development study (NCDS).

    The NCDS has collected data on all men and women born in one week in 1958 and has followed them up using interviews, self completion questionnaires, and medical examinations at birth and at ages 7,11,16,23 and 33 years.

    Results

    A total of 269 men (11.9%) experienced more than one year of unemployment between ages 22 and 32 years.

    Poor socioeconomic conditions in childhood and a lack of qualifications were associated with an increased risk of unemployment.

    Geographical region was also significant in determining the risk of unemployment. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Chomage, Pauvreté, Catégorie socioprofessionnelle, Statut socioéconomique, Epidémiologie, Etat sanitaire, Santé, Femme, Homme, Adulte jeune, Royaume Uni, Europe, Indicateur, Pronostic, Enfance

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Unemployment, Poverty, Socioeconomic category, Socioeconomic status, Epidemiology, Health status, Health, Woman, Human, Young adult, United Kingdom, Europe, Indicator, Prognosis

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0426622

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.