This is the first study of alcohol use, alcohol problems and alcohol dependence in a general population sample of Australian women using a standardized screening instrument developed by the World Health Organization, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT).
Sixty-six percent of a sample of 6000 women randomly selected from the electoral rolls responded to the questionnaire.
The majority of women (87%) had drunk alcohol at some time in their lives, while 82% had consumed alcohol within the past 12 months.
Of the women who currently drank alcohol, 34% were classified as hazardous drinkers, 4% as harmful drinkers and 1% as dependent according to AUDIT definitions.
Using a cut-off score of 8 for the AUDIT, 8% of women were classified as currently having a drinking pattern of hazardous or harmful alcohol consumption.
These women were more likely to be younger (17-44 years), single, or living in a de facto relationship.
The results of this survey provide important data which can be used as a bench-mark to measure changes in women's drinking behaviour and drinking related problems.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Alcoolisme, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Australie, Océanie, Femelle, Adulte, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Alcoholism, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Australia, Oceania, Female, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0426601
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 10/04/1997.