Living in small, isolated groups may promote health for Aborigines if traditional lifestyles are followed, but overall health risks in such communities are inadequately documented.
To document health status of a remote Aboriginal community with reference to nutrition, cardiovascular risks, renal disease and infections and to identify areas where health might be improved.
All residents of a small community in the Great Sandy Desert underwent medical examinations, anthropometry and measurement of blood pressure.
Investigations included cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, insulin, creatinine, lipoprotein (a), apolipoprotein E phenotype, angiotensin-converting enzyme genotype, urinalysis, stool microscopy (children), liver function tests and full blood examination.
Children (n=26) were undernourished while 14% of adults (n=51) were underweight, 22% overweight and 40% of women and 13% of men were obese with central obesity in 90% of women and 48% of men.
Fifteen per cent of the group were hypertensive.
Insulin levels were increased in 55% of subjects, total cholesterol in 21% and triglycerides in 56%, while HDL was decreased in 78%. Angiotensin-converting enzyme and apolipoprotein E typing and lipoprotein (a) did not suggest increased cardiovascular risk.
Proteinuria was present in 39% of subjects, haematuria in 49% and definite or possible urinary tract infections in 30%. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Aborigène, Etat nutritionnel, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Homme, Facteur risque, Australie Occidentale, Australie, Océanie, Infection, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Aboriginal, Nutritional status, Cardiovascular disease, Urinary system disease, Human, Risk factor, Western Australia, Australia, Oceania, Infection, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0424788
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.