This cross-sectional survey used a self-report questionnaire to measure the prevalence and correlates of bulimia nervosa and bulimic behaviors in a sample of undergraduate students enrolled in two state-supported universities in Texas in 1990.
In one university, the student population was predominantly white ; in the other, it was predominantly nonwhite.
Bulimia status was assessed using criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised (DSM-III-R), of the American Psychiatric Association and was operationalized using the Revised Bulimia Test.
Overall, 0.9% of the sample, 1.3% of the females, and 0.2% of the males were classified as having bulimia nervosa.
The prevalence of bulimic behaviors was 5.4% overall, 6.6% for females, and 3.6% for males.
There was no racial/ethnic difference in the prevalence of bulimia nervosa or bulimic behaviors ; 1.5% of the whites (n=459) and 0.4% of the nonwhites (n=693) were classified as having bulimia nervosa, while 5.5% of the whites and 5.3% of the nonwhites reported bulimic behaviors.
In univariate analysis, female sex, obesity, dieting behavior, and a family history of alcoholism, drug abuse, and depression were statistically associated with bulimic behaviors.
After adjustment for covariates, only obesity and dieting behavior were statistically significant. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Boulimie, Trouble comportement alimentaire, Epidémiologie, Adulte jeune, Homme, Milieu universitaire, Race, Prévalence, Texas, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Bulimia, Eating disorder, Epidemiology, Young adult, Human, University environment, Race, Prevalence, Texas, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0417908
Code Inist : 002B18C01B. Création : 10/04/1997.