The objectives of this study were (a) to determine the self-reported prevalence of allergy and chemical sensitivity in a rural population of eastern North Carolina, (b) to determine the type and frequency of symptoms for each condition, and (c) to determine the demographic groups affected.
A random general telephone survey was conducted during the period May 14,1993, to September 10,1993, and questions about allergy and chemical sensitivity were asked.
Of the 1 446 households contacted, 1 027 (71%) individuals agreed to participate.
Allergies were reported by 365 (35%) individuals.
Thirty percent of allergic individuals reported that symptoms occurred once or more each week, whereas 61% reported that symptoms occurred, at most, once each month.
Allergic symptoms that occurred daily were reported by 5.3% of the total population.
Chemical sensitivity was reported by 336 (33%) individuals.
Thirty-five per cent of chemically sensitive individuals reported symptoms at least once each week, whereas 53% reported that symptoms occurred once (or less) each month.
Symptoms of chemical sensitivity that occurred daily were reported by 3.9% of the total population.
Both allergy and chemical sensitivity were distributed widely across age, income, race, and educational groups.
Simultaneous allergy and chemical sensitivity were reported by 16.9% of the population, allergy without chemical sensitivity by 16.0%, chemical sensitivity without allergy by 18.2%, and neither condition by 48. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Composé chimique, Toxicité, Hypersensibilité, Allergie, Milieu rural, Epidémiologie, Homme, Prévalence, Composé irritant, Caroline du Nord, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Chemical compound, Toxicity, Hypersensitivity, Allergy, Rural environment, Epidemiology, Human, Prevalence, Irritant compound, North Carolina, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0416985
Code Inist : 002B06C01. Création : 10/04/1997.