Epidemiology and mortality of 162 major burns in Kuwait.
The bums intensive care unit at IBN Sina Hospital reopened in July 1991, following the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait and the Gulf War.
Epidemiology and mortality of 162 burn patients with 30 per cent and over total body surface area (TBSA) bums, treated from July 1991 to December 1994, is presented.
There were 91 males and 71 females with a ratio of 1.3 to 1. The median age was 30 years (range 4 months to 93 years) and 44 per cent of the patients were 15-40 years of age. 124 (76.5 per cent) accidents occurred at home and the flame burn was the commonest involving 131 (80.9 per cent) patients.
The median burn surface area was 45.5 per cent and the majority of them sustained deep burns.
The hospital stay of the surviving patients ranged from 11 to 174 days (median 38 days), while the day of the death was from 1 to 134 days.
Forty-six deaths represent an overall mortality rate of 28.4 per cent amongst our patients.
All the patients whose Baux score was 130 and above died.
Bum shock was responsible for 10 deaths, and out of them eight were not actively resuscitated due to high Baux score.
Sixteen deaths occurred within 48 h postburn.
Septicaemia and its related effects were responsible for the majority of the deaths.
Mots-clés Pascal : Brûlure, Grande dimension, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Complication, Mortalité, Résultat, Homme, Koweit, Asie, Traumatisme, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Burn, Large dimension, Incidence, Epidemiology, Complication, Mortality, Result, Human, Kuwait, Asia, Trauma, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0415519
Code Inist : 002B16J. Création : 10/04/1997.