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  1. Immunological changes among farmers exposed to phenoxy herbicides : preliminary observations.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To evaluate short term immunological changes after agricultural exposure to commercial formulations of chlorophenoxy herbicides.

    Method-Blood samples were collected from 10 farmers within seven days before exposure, one to 12 days after exposure, and again 50 to 70 days after exposure.

    Whole blood was used to count lymphocyte subsets with monoclonal antibodies.

    Peripheral blood mononuclear (PBM) cells were used to measure natural killer (NK) cell activity and lymphocyte response to mitogenic stimulations.

    Values before exposure were used as reference.

    Results

    In comparison with concentrations before exposure, a significant reduction was found one to 12 days after exposure in the following variables (P<0.05) : circulating helper (CD4) and suppressor T cells (CD8), CD8 dim, cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), natural killer cells (NK), and CD8 cells expressing the surface antigens HLA-DR (CD8-DR), and lymphoproliferative response to mitogen stimulations.

    All immunological values found 50-70 days after exposure were comparable with concentrations before exposure, but mitogenic proliferative responses of lymphocytes were still significantly decreased.

    Conclusion-According to our data agricultural exposure to commercial 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) formulations may exert short term immunosuppressive effects. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pesticide, Exposition professionnelle, Toxicité, Immunodépression, Agriculture, Court terme, Exploration immunologique, Lymphocyte, Cellule NK, Médecine travail, Homme, Phytohormone, Herbicide, Immunopathologie, 2,4-D, MCPA

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pesticides, Occupational exposure, Toxicity, Immunosuppression, Agriculture, Short term, Immunological investigation, Lymphocyte, Natural killer cell, Occupational medicine, Human, Phytohormone, Herbicide, Immunopathology, 2,4-D

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0413303

    Code Inist : 002B03G. Création : 10/04/1997.