The impact of wearing gloves on surface contamination and on the incidence of percutaneous injury were prospectively compared for two 4-mo periods in a single anesthesia department.
Period I was immediately prior to the institution of mandatory glove wearing, and Period II followed a 1-mo adjustment period of mandatory glove use.
Recording of all needlestick and other percutaneous injuries was performed on an ongoing basis, and incident reporting was actively and regularly solicited.
During the final week of each period, 12 specific sites at each of nine anesthetizing locations were tested for occult blood.
The incidence of needlestick injury was 0.28% for Period I versus 0.10% for Period II (P=0.10) and the incidence for all percutaneous injuries was 0.60% for Period I and 0.27% for Period II (P=0.06).
If the one needlestick that occurred during non-compliance with gloving during Period II is eliminated, then there was a significant reduction in both needlestick and overall percutaneous injury (P<0.05).
Of 109 operating room sites, 42.2% were contaminated after Period I versus 31.2% after Period II (P=0.07).
The implementation of a mandatory glove use policy was associated with nonsignificant trends toward reduction in the incidence of needlestick and other percutaneous injury and in the level of surface contamination in the anesthesia workplace.
Compliance with glove use resulted in a significant reduction in needlestick injury and overall percutaneous injuries.
Mots-clés Pascal : Gant, Service hospitalier, Anesthésie, Personnel sanitaire, Facteur risque, Contamination, Lésion, Voie percutanée, Aiguille, Bloc opératoire, Israël, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Glove, Hospital ward, Anesthesia, Health staff, Risk factor, Contamination, Lesion, Percutaneous route, Needle, Operating room, Israel, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0410136
Code Inist : 002B27A06. Création : 10/04/1997.