The authors test the contention of R. Jessor's (1977) problem behavior theory that adolescent health risk behaviors comprise a single behavioral syndrome.
Multidimensional scaling (MDS) and cluster analysis are used to analyze data from a statewide survey of high school students' (n=5,537) health risk behaviors.
A classical MDS analysis was calculated to test the dimensionality ofthe behaviors.
All indicators supported a multidimensional model.
An individual-differences MDS (INDSCAL) analysis revealed that a 4-dimensional solution best fit the data. with gender and racial-ethnic differences emerging in the relative salience of the dimensions.
The INDSCAL dimensional coordinates for each health risk behavior were then submitted to a hierarchical cluster analysis technique.
Five behavioral clusters were identified, 1 of which included many ofthe traditional « problem behaviors. » such as smoking, unprotected sexual intercourse, and alcohol consumption.
These findings support a multidimensional structure underlying adolescent health risk behavior.
Implications for theory and prevention of health risk behaviors are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement, Santé, Prise risque, Analyse amas, Analyse statistique, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Behavior, Health, Risk taking, Cluster analysis, Statistical analysis, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0409649
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 10/04/1997.