This study investigated the influence of psychosocial stress, maternal schooling, social support, psychological well-being, alcohol, and smoking on intrauterine growth retardation and premature delivery.
At a Copenhaguen university hospital, 2432 pregnant women completed a questionnaire on general health, psychosocial stressors, and sociodemographic characteristics.
In 212 cases (8.7%) the women delivered prematurely.
Preterm delivery was associated with psychosocial stress (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=1.14 for each 1-point increase on the psychosocial stressor 5-point scale and 1.92 for the whole scale) and poor scholl education (adjusted OR=2.62 for 7-9 years of schooling, 1.91 for 10 years, and 1.0 for 11-13 years).
In 152 cases (6.3%), infants had a birthweight below the 10th percentile.
Intrauterine growth retardation was associated with smoking, daily drinking, school education, and social network variables.
In a multiple logistic regression model, intrauterine growth retardation was associated with smoking habits (adjusted OR=2.40 for 0-9 cigarettes daily, 2.68 for 10-15 daily, and 2.88 for more than 15 daily).
Psychosocial stressors and limited duration of schooling appeared to influence preterm delivery.
Smoking habits influenced intrauterine growth retardation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypotrophie foetale, Prématurité, Epidémiologie, Stress, Mère, Niveau étude, Support social, Bien être psychologique, Ethanol, Tabagisme, Statut socioéconomique, Danemark, Europe, Gestation pathologie, Foetus pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fetal hypotrophy, Prematurity, Epidemiology, Stress, Mother, Education level, Social support, Psychological well being, Ethanol, Tobacco smoking, Socioeconomic status, Denmark, Europe, Pregnancy disorders, Fetal diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0409179
Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 10/04/1997.