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  1. Fulltext. Intrauterine growth retardation and premature delivery : The influence of maternal smoking and psychosocial factors.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study investigated the influence of psychosocial stress, maternal schooling, social support, psychological well-being, alcohol, and smoking on intrauterine growth retardation and premature delivery.

    Methods

    At a Copenhaguen university hospital, 2432 pregnant women completed a questionnaire on general health, psychosocial stressors, and sociodemographic characteristics.

    Results

    In 212 cases (8.7%) the women delivered prematurely.

    Preterm delivery was associated with psychosocial stress (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=1.14 for each 1-point increase on the psychosocial stressor 5-point scale and 1.92 for the whole scale) and poor scholl education (adjusted OR=2.62 for 7-9 years of schooling, 1.91 for 10 years, and 1.0 for 11-13 years).

    In 152 cases (6.3%), infants had a birthweight below the 10th percentile.

    Intrauterine growth retardation was associated with smoking, daily drinking, school education, and social network variables.

    In a multiple logistic regression model, intrauterine growth retardation was associated with smoking habits (adjusted OR=2.40 for 0-9 cigarettes daily, 2.68 for 10-15 daily, and 2.88 for more than 15 daily).

    Conclusions

    Psychosocial stressors and limited duration of schooling appeared to influence preterm delivery.

    Smoking habits influenced intrauterine growth retardation.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hypotrophie foetale, Prématurité, Epidémiologie, Stress, Mère, Niveau étude, Support social, Bien être psychologique, Ethanol, Tabagisme, Statut socioéconomique, Danemark, Europe, Gestation pathologie, Foetus pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fetal hypotrophy, Prematurity, Epidemiology, Stress, Mother, Education level, Social support, Psychological well being, Ethanol, Tobacco smoking, Socioeconomic status, Denmark, Europe, Pregnancy disorders, Fetal diseases

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0409179

    Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 10/04/1997.