Psychosocial work environment and sickness absence among British civil servants : The whitehall II study.
This study sought to examine the association between the psychosocial work environment and subsequent rates of sickness absence.
The analyses were based on a cohort of male and female British civil servants (n=9072).
Rates of short spells (¾ 7 days) and long spells (>7 days) of sickness absence were calculated for different aspects of the psychosocial work environment, as measured by self-reports and personnel managers'ratings (external assessments).
Low levels of work demands, control, and support were associated with higher rates of short and long spells of absence in men and, to a lesser extent, in women.
The differences were diminished but generally remained significant for short spells.
The combination of high demands and low control was only associated with higher rates of short spells in the lower grades.
The psychosocial work environment predicts rates of sickness absence.
Increased levels of control and support at work could have beneficial effects in terms of both improving the health and well-being of employees and increasing productivity.
Mots-clés Pascal : Absentéisme, Epidémiologie, Milieu professionnel, Stress, Charge mentale, Condition travail, Support social, Charge travail, Sexe, Fonctionnaire, Homme, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Absenteeism, Epidemiology, Occupational environment, Stress, Mental load, Working condition, Social support, Workload, Sex, Civil servant, Human, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0409178
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.