American universities recognized and institutionalized the emerging importance of neuroscience in medicine by establishing neurological professorships as early as the 1860s.
Nearly 20 years before Charcot assumed his celebrated chaired professorship for Diseases of the Nervous System in France, Harvard University created a professorship of Physiology and Pathology of the Nervous System (1864), naming Brown-Séquard as its recipient.
In 1867, the new Bellevue Hospital Medical School established a combined neurology/psychiatry chair with William A. Hammond as professor, and the University of Pennsylvania created a clinical professorship devoted specifically to neurology in 1875, naming Horatio C. Wood.
Although modest in their university power base and their clinical research/laboratory programs, these American posts were internationally unique for their time and solidly entrenched neurology as a specific division in early US medical education.
Mots-clés Pascal : Historique, Enseignement, Neurologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Case history, Teaching, Neurology, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0405844
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 10/04/1997.