A medical-center-wide, multidisciplinary approach to the problem of natural rubber latex allergy.
Latex is a common cause of occupational allergy in health care workers ; latex-sensitized patients are at increased risk of allergic reactions in medical environments.
Skin test reagents and latex-specific immunoglobulin E immunoassays were established for diagnosis of latex allergy.
Inhibition immunoassays were developed for measuring latex aeroallergens and latex allergens in rubber products.
A registry of latex-sensitive employees was established.
High-allergen gloves were removed from the medical center inventory ; latex aeroallergen levels subsequently declined.
Despite an increasing number of gloves used annually, expenditures for gloves in 1994 were lower than in previous years.
Latex-sensitive individuals can be identified using skin tests or immunoassays.
Latex aeroallergen levels in medical environments can be reduced substantially at lower cost by using powder-free rubber gloves with lower allergen content.
Mots-clés Pascal : Allergène, Composé chimique, Latex, Gant, Personnel sanitaire, Diagnostic, Technique, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Méthode immunologique, Teneur air ambiant, Vêtement protection, Taux, Médecine travail, Allergie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Allergen, Chemical compound, Latex, Glove, Health staff, Diagnosis, Technique, Human, Occupational exposure, Immunological method, Ambient air concentration, Safety clothing, Rate, Occupational medicine, Allergy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0405662
Code Inist : 002B06C04. Création : 10/04/1997.