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  1. Responses of mental health professionals to man-made trauma : The Israeli experience.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    International Conference on the Social Sciences and Medicine. Peebles GBR, 1996/09/02.

    The reactions and responses of mental health professionals in the area of armed conflict is the focus of this paper.

    It examines the way the therapeutic community has dealt with the survivors of two catastrophes-the Holocaust and warfare.

    A parallel process of a gradual change of attitudes towards the survivors was observed : emotional detachment, lack of recognition in the early stages and, eventually, social acceptance and empathy.

    The origins of these attitudes will be discussed, and three explanations will be offered.

    Israel is a small, stress-ridden country that has known seven full-scale wars and countless hostilities during its 47 years of existence.

    Our national history over 2000 years has been beset with persecution, pogroms and deportations, culminating in the Nazi Holocaust.

    The establishment of the State of Israel brought with it the hope of a secure existence.

    Unfortunately, this has not been achieved, and Israel is a natural laboratory of war stress.

    The reactions and responses of mental health professionals in areas of armed conflict is the focus of this paper.

    Presented here will be this author's analysis of the way the Israeli society and the helping professions in Israel have dealt with two kinds of man-made catastrophic events : the Nazi Holocaust and seven Arab-Israeli wars.

    In these different events of human violence, a parallel process of a gradual change of attitude towards the survivors was observed. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Posttraumatisme syndrome, Stress, Guerre, Attitude sociale, Homme, Ancien combattant, Santé mentale, Personnel sanitaire, Israël, Asie, Holocaust

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Posttraumatic syndrome, Stress, War, Social attitude, Human, Veteran, Mental health, Health staff, Israel, Asia

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0397542

    Code Inist : 002B18F01. Création : 10/04/1997.