Evaluations of drug education programmes focus on the effect on participating students.
Although this is appropriate, where programmes are institutionalized the wider population impact should also be considered This paper examines this argument and provides a practical methodology for examining programme impacts or populations.
It illustrates this using the example of the Life Education (LE) programme-a mature early intervention programme operating interrafionally-on the Victorian (Australia) population of Year 6 schoolchildren.
Data from a recent evaluation of Life Education in Victoria, Australia, were re-analysed enabling estimation of adjusted attributable risk percentage (which provide an estimate of programme effect among those who are exposed to it), population prevalence estimates and population attributable risk percentage (which provide estimates of programme impacts on the entire population).
In 1992 when the data were collected LE operated in 43% of all Victorian primary schools.
The findings showed that within LE-schools 43% of girls'and 35% of boys'recent smoking was attributable to participation in the LE-programme.
For drinking within LE-schools, while there was no apparent effect on girls, the programme was associated with 40% of boys'recent drinking. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Tabagisme, Consommation, Analgésique, Prévention, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Australie, Océanie, Programme sanitaire, Milieu scolaire, Sexe, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Tobacco smoking, Consumption, Analgesic, Prevention, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Australia, Oceania, Sanitary program, School environment, Sex, Child, Human, School age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0397386
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 10/04/1997.