This study assessed the rabies exposure and treatment that at least 665 persons in Concord, NH, received as a result of one proven rabid pet-store kitten in October 1994.
All treatment recipients were interviewed by person or phone.
The median age of the treatment recipients was 14 years ; 58% were female.
The most common exposures were low risk (e.g., picking up, petting, nuzzling, or being scratched by a potentially rabit kitten).
Local reactions to vaccine or immune globulin were reported by 76.5% of recipients, while 48.8% reported at least one systemic reaction.
Cost for the biologicals was estimated at more than $1.1 million.
Because of the inadequacy of pet store records, the inconsistent application of treatment guidelines, and other factors, many people received postexposure treatment as a result of contacts that were unlikely to transmit rabies.
The rates of local and systemic adverse reactions experienced were consistent with previous reports.
Mots-clés Pascal : Rage, Virose, Infection, Animal domestique, Vaccination, Prévention, Campagne de masse, Evaluation, Analyse coût, Economie santé, Etude critique, Homme, Transmission animal homme, New Hampshire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Rabies, Viral disease, Infection, Domestic animal, Vaccination, Prevention, Mass campaign, Evaluation, Cost analysis, Health economy, Critical study, Human, Transmission from animal to man, New Hampshire, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0397169
Code Inist : 002B05C02A. Création : 10/04/1997.