Staff security and work pressure : Contrasting patterns of stability and change across five dialysis units.
Differences among clinical care units in social dynamics and social organization are associated with differences in the clinical course of patients with a range of chronic illness.
These differences are also associated with well-being of staff members.
Recent attention has focused on understanding these differences among units with an eye towards correcting deficiencies and enhancing strengths of clinical care units.
The current study sought to delineate the effect of social and organizational dynamics unique to each unit on staff perceptions of the security of their relationships with other staff and their perceived work pressure.
The unit as a major source of differences among staff subjects was compared with the impact of ethnic identity, of work in the morning shift vs other shifts, and of professional role.
Results confirmed that unit membership was, by far, the most important correlate of staff perceptions of the unit, particularly those concerning security of relationships with others and perceived work pressure.
Moreover, the results suggested that unit differences in perceived security were due to differences among units in long standing turmoil within the unit or long standing problematic ties between the unit and the larger institution which controls it.
However, perceived work pressure seems more transient and may reflect the challenge of shorter-term fluctuations in the demands of patient care.
Mots-clés Pascal : Personnel sanitaire, Bien être, Sécurité, Activité professionnelle, Charge travail, Stress, Organisation sociale, Service hospitalier, Dialyse, Relation professionnelle, Etude comparative, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health staff, Well being, Safety, Professional activity, Workload, Stress, Social organization, Hospital ward, Dialysis, Professional relation, Comparative study, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0395321
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 10/04/1997.