This study describes the prevalence and predictors of human immunodefiency virus (HIV) risk behaviors among women living in low-income, inner-city-housing developments.
Anonymous questionnaires were administered to 671 women living in 10 inner-city, low-income housing developments in five US cities to determine their levels of HIV risk behavior and predictors of HIV risk practices.
Approximately one third of women were at high risk of HIV because of the risk behavior of their sexual partners.
HIV risk was highest among women who accurately perceived themselves to be at increased HIV risk, held strond beliefs about barriers to condom use, and reported weak behavioral intentions to reduce risk.
Women at higher risk were also younger and reported higher rates of alcohol and substance use.
HIV prevention efforts are needed for inner-city women.
Interventions should focus on overcoming women's barriers to condom use, strengthening their intentions to change behaviors, and managing the risk related to their use of substances.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Comportement sexuel, Prise risque, Epidémiologie, Femme, Homme, Pauvreté, Facteur risque, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Toxicomanie, Croyance, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Structure accueil
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Sexual behavior, Risk taking, Epidemiology, Woman, Human, Poverty, Risk factor, United States, North America, America, Drug addiction, Belief, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0395131
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 10/04/1997.