This study examines excess mortality among Finnish persons after the death of a spouse, by sex, the subject's cause of dealth, duration of bereavement, and age.
The subjects were 1 580 000 married Finnish persons age 35 through 84 years who were followed up from 1986 through 1991.
Excess mortality among the bereaved was high from accidental, violent, and alcohol-related caused (50% to 150%), moderate for chronic ischemic heart disease and lung cancer (20% to 35%), and small for other causes (5% to 15%). Excess mortality was greater at short (<6 months) rather than long durations of bereavement and among younger rather than older bereaved persons for most causes of death ; it was also greater among men than women.
The results are consistent with the hypothesis that excess mortality after the death of a spouse is partly caused by stress.
The loss of social support or the inability to cope with stress may explain why men suffer from bereavement more than do women.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Homme, Deuil, Conjoint, Sexe, Age, Stress, Support social, Cause, Finlande, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Epidemiology, Human, Mourning, Spouse, Sex, Age, Stress, Social support, Cause, Finland, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0395128
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.