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  1. Fulltext. Mortality after the death of a spouse : Rates and causes of death in a large Finnish cohort.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives 

    This study examines excess mortality among Finnish persons after the death of a spouse, by sex, the subject's cause of dealth, duration of bereavement, and age.

    Methods

    The subjects were 1 580 000 married Finnish persons age 35 through 84 years who were followed up from 1986 through 1991.

    Results

    Excess mortality among the bereaved was high from accidental, violent, and alcohol-related caused (50% to 150%), moderate for chronic ischemic heart disease and lung cancer (20% to 35%), and small for other causes (5% to 15%). Excess mortality was greater at short (<6 months) rather than long durations of bereavement and among younger rather than older bereaved persons for most causes of death ; it was also greater among men than women.

    Conclusions

    The results are consistent with the hypothesis that excess mortality after the death of a spouse is partly caused by stress.

    The loss of social support or the inability to cope with stress may explain why men suffer from bereavement more than do women.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Homme, Deuil, Conjoint, Sexe, Age, Stress, Support social, Cause, Finlande, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Epidemiology, Human, Mourning, Spouse, Sex, Age, Stress, Social support, Cause, Finland, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0395128

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.