In an attempt to assess concepts of disease, we questioned 33 Ethiopian Jews (Falashas) in Ethiopia about 13 diseases : 8 western and 5 cultural syndromes (in the Amharic language) : birrd (cold), wugat (stabbing chest pain), moygnbagegn (neurologic disorder), mitch (sunstroke), and attent hono kere (retained fetus becoming bone).
Disease causation was often attributed to spirits and the sun.
None of the interviewees understood the cause of : a) epilepsy, most attributing it to spirits and recommending smelling match smoke as treatment, b) prolonged labor, attributed by most to the evil kole spirit and is managed by traditional birth attendants ; and c) abortion, believed to be caused by exposure to sun or cold.
Less than 20% linked malaria to mosquitoes.
Most correlated splenomegaly with malaria.
Hepatitis was believed to be caused by a bird or bat flying around the affected person.
Multiple factors were linked to diarrhea, including a journey in the sun.
Moygnbagegn is the only condition treated by venisection from brachial veins ; wugat is treated by « cupping ».
Modem medicine was recommended by<30% of those questioned for epilepsy, splenomegaly, hepatitis, and Ethiopian cultural diseases.
It was recommended most for malaria (52%), sexually transmitted diseases (55%), and diarrhea (69%).
Mots-clés Pascal : Croyance, Ethnie, Pathogénie, Traitement, Homme, Juif, Ethiopie, Afrique, Questionnaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Belief, Ethnic group, Pathogenesis, Treatment, Human, Jew, Ethiopia, Africa, Questionnaire
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0390736
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 10/04/1997.