This report provides results of an analysis of temporal trends in childhood cancer incidence in the U.S., stratified by age, sex, and to a lessor extent, race, within common histologic subtypes.
Population-based data from nine registries of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program of the National Cancer Institute were analyzed.
The analysis was limited to children age ¾ 14 years.
Cancer cases were restricted to those patients with a malignant neoplasm diagnosed between 1974 and 1991 ; more than 12,000 children were included.
Average annual percentage change in incidence rates and corresponding 95% confidence intervals were estimated from the maximum likelihood method of Poisson regression.
Among children age ¾ 14 years there was a 1% average yearly increase (95% CI 0.6,1.3) in the incidence rates of all malignant neoplasms combined.
The average annual percentage change was similar for males and females, and slightly higher for black children compared with white children.
Rates increased an average of 2% or more per year for astroglial tumors, rhabdomyosarcomas, germ cell tumors, and osteosarcomas.
The average annual percentage change for acute lymphoid leukemia was 1.6% and trends were somewhat stronger for blacks than whites.
Cancer trends, in general, were strongest in young children. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Lymphome, Leucémie, Tumeur maligne, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Enfant, Homme, Hémopathie maligne, Lymphoprolifératif syndrome
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lymphoma, Leukemia, Malignant tumor, Incidence, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Child, Human, Malignant hemopathy, Lymphoproliferative syndrome
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0390379
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 10/04/1997.