Evaluation of the emergency department logbook for population-based surveillance of firearm-related injury.
To evaluate existing emergency department logbooks as a source of population-based data on firearm-related injuries.
We examined the logbooks of the 24 acute care and specialty-hospital EDs in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, to determine the number and type of data variables each contained and the completeness of reporting of each variable for selected firearm-related cases.
The amount of missing data for certain variables was determined and the cause for the missing data described.
Logbooks from 18 of the 24 eligible hospitals were reviewed.
We identified 785 cases of firearm-related injury recorded between January 1,1992, and December 31,1993.
Of the variables we selected for analysis, only date (100%), chief complaint or diagnosis (100%), name (98%), and time of admission (97%) were consistently documented.
In 37% of cases the patient's county of residence could not be determined.
Similarly incomplete data were found for body part injured (31%), race (28%), age (26%), sex (22%), and mode of arrival (21%). The factor most responsible for the high percentage of incomplete data was the considerable variation in the data elements contained in the different hospitals'logbooks.
Missing data resulting from inconsistencies in the variables contained in different EDs'logbooks and errors of omission prevent ED logbooks, in their current state, from providing population-based data for surveillance of firearm-related injury. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Urgence, Service hospitalier, Hôpital, Arme à feu, Blessure, Analyse donnée, Surveillance sanitaire, Homme, Pennsylvanie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Emergency, Hospital ward, Hospital, Fire arm, Injury, Data analysis, Sanitary surveillance, Human, Pennsylvania, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0390159
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 10/04/1997.