This cross-sectional study explored gay men's sexual risk behavior from the perspective of three popular conceptual models, the health belief model the theory of reasoned action, and social cognitive theory.
Data were collected from sexually active gay men via anonymous questionnaire containing questions about sexual behavior and items related to the constructs comparing the three models.
Using structural equation modeling techniques (LISREL 8), self-reported condom use was examined from the perspective of each theory.
The results suggested that a substantial part of the variance in unprotected anal intercourse could be explained by conceptually analogous constructs common to these models.
These constructs referred to the cognitive-affective reactions toward condoms and to the social context of using condoms.
An additional variable unique to social cognitive theory, self-efficacy, added to the explained variance in the criterion above and beyond the variables that were common to the models.
Relevant variables from the three theories were integrated into an expanded self-efficacy model.
Mots-clés Pascal : Homosexualité, Mâle, Comportement sexuel, Relation sexuelle, Prise risque, Utilisation, Condom, Modèle théorique, Croyance, Cognition sociale, Adulte, Homme, Action raisonnée
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Homosexuality, Male, Sexual behavior, Sexual intercourse, Risk taking, Use, Condom, Theoretical model, Belief, Social cognition, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0389043
Code Inist : 002A26G05. Création : 10/04/1997.