To obtain population-based estimates of the incidence of severe work-related ocular trauma and to identify demographic factors related to increased risk of this type of injury..
A statewide population-based survey of severe work-related ocular injury was performed using hospital discharge data.
These data were derived from all inpatient admissions to nonfederal, acute-care hospital facilities in the state of California during 1988.
Worker's compensation was used as the principal payor code to establish the work-relatedness of a given ocular injury.
Census data for the state of California were used to obtain population denominators..
Two hundred sixty-nine (approximately 14.3%) of all admissions for which ocular trauma was the principal diagnosis (1,876) were work related.
Annual incidence for severe work-related ocular injury was 1.76 per 100,000 employed persons when ocular trauma was the principal diagnosis and 2.98 per 100,000 employed persons when ocular trauma was a principal or secondary diagnosis.
Projected to the working-age United States population (128 million) these annual rates correspond to an estimated 2,165 acute hospitalizations for work-related ocular trauma as the principal diagnosis, and an estimated 3,745 acute hospitalizations for work-related ocular trauma as a principal or secondary diagnosis.
Incidence of severe work-related ocular injury was highest among men, Hispanics, and individuals 20 to 24 years of age (5. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Oeil, Maladie professionnelle, Exposition professionnelle, Démographie, Epidémiologie, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Oeil pathologie, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Eye, Occupational disease, Occupational exposure, Demography, Epidemiology, California, United States, North America, America, Human, Eye disease, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0388867
Code Inist : 002B16C. Création : 10/04/1997.