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  1. Is prolonged breastfeeding associated with malnutrition ? Evidence from nineteen demographic and health surveys.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    A growing body of literature suggests that prolonged breastfeeding (typically defined as beyond the first year of life) may be a risk factor for malnutrition.

    Methods

    To examine the extent to which continued breastfeeding is a risk factor for malnutrition, we used multiple regression techniques to relate current breastfeeding status to weight and stature in children<36 months old whose mothers participated in one of 19 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted between 1987 and 1989.

    Results

    The data from 9 of 11 countries outside sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) indicated that among older children, those still breastfed are shorter and lighter than those no longer breastfed.

    These differences, which reached statistical significance in five countries, become apparent at 12-18 months of age.

    In contrast, in five of eight SSA countries, younger still breastfed children are significantly shorter and lighter than those no longer breastfed, but, the differences are largely diminished among older children.

    These basic patterns were not altered by adjustment for family sociodemographic characteristics, health care utilization, and recent child illness.

    Conclusions

    Important differences in nutritional status associated with continued breastfeeding are observed throughout the developing world, and are not likely due to confounding by family sociodemographic characteristics, health care utilization or recent child illness. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Allaitement, Durée, Malnutrition, Epidémiologie, Article synthèse, Etat nutritionnel, Enfant, Homme, Etude multicentrique, Pays en développement, Trouble nutrition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Breast feeding, Duration, Malnutrition, Epidemiology, Review, Nutritional status, Child, Human, Multicenter study, Developing countries, Nutrition disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0385853

    Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 10/04/1997.