Risk Assessment Issues for Sensitive Human Populations. Conference. Wright-Patterson AFB, OH USA, 1995/04/25.
Utah Valley has provided an interesting and unique opportunity to evaluate the health effects of respirable particulate air pollution (PM10).
Residents of this valley are predominantly nonsmoking members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons).
The area has moderately high average PM10 levels with periods of highly elevated PM10 concentrations due to local emissions being trapped in a stagnant air mass near the valley floor during low-level temperature inversion episodes.
Due to a labor dispute, there was intermittent operation of the single largest pollution source, an old integrated steel mill.
Levels of other common pollutants including sulfur dioxide, ozone, and acidic aerosol are relatively low.
Studies specific to Utah Valley have observed that elevated PM10 concentrations are associated with :
(1) decreased lung function ;
(2) increased incidence of respiratory symptoms ;
(3) increased school absenteeism ;
(4) increased respiratory hospital admissions ;
and (5) increased mortality, especially respiratory and cardiovascular mortality.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Toxicité, Homme, Utah, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Non fumeur, Particule en suspension, Epidémiologie, Religion, Secte, Appareil respiratoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Toxicity, Human, Utah, United States, North America, America, Non smoker, Suspended particle, Epidemiology, Religion, Sect, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0381166
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 10/04/1997.