From December 1989 to December 1993,90 children under 15 years were admitted to our department for end-stage renal disease ; 9 children were less than 5 years and 28 were aged between 5 and 10 years.
The sex ratio (M/F) of the children was 2.1. The estimated incidence of pediatric end-stage renal disease in Tunisia is 7 new cases per year and per million child population under 15 years.
The chief etiologies of end-stage renal disease are glomerulonephritis (19%), hereditary nephropathies (29%), and malformative uropathies (13%) ; 26% of the end-stage renal diseases are of unknown etiologies.
Our findings, compared with the European data, show a particularly high frequency of primary hyperoxaluria (13.5%) and an unusual proportion of male subjects.
Mots-clés Pascal : Insuffisance rénale, Stade terminal, Epidémiologie, Etiologie, Evolution, Traitement, Etude statistique, Enfant, Homme, Tunisie, Afrique, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Renal failure, Terminal stage, Epidemiology, Etiology, Evolution, Treatment, Statistical study, Child, Human, Tunisia, Africa, Urinary system disease, Renal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0380699
Code Inist : 002B14A05. Création : 10/04/1997.