Questionnaires assessing levels of job satisfaction, mental well-being and sources of stress were distributed to a random sample of 850 general practitioners (GPs) in England.
The final sample size was 414.
Compared to a normative sample, male GPs exhibit significantly higher levels of anxiety, whereas female GPs compare favourably to the population norms.
Job satisfaction levels among male and female GPs were significantly lower than when they were measured in 1987.
Multivariate analysis revealed five major stressors that were predictive of high levels of job dissatisfaction and negative mental well-being ; these were practice administration and demands of the job, interference with family and social life, routine medical work, interruptions and working environment.
In addition, emotional involvement and type A behaviour were predictive of lack of mental well-being.
It is concluded that there may be substantial benefit in providing training in management skills and introducing a stress management programme for GPs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Stress, Activité professionnelle, Epuisement usure, Médecin généraliste, Enquête, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Satisfaction professionnelle, Bien être psychologique, Trouble psychiatrique, Prédiction, Personnel sanitaire, Adulte, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stress, Professional activity, Occupational burnout, General practitioner, Inquiry, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Job satisfaction, Psychological well being, Mental disorder, Prediction, Health staff, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0380290
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 10/04/1997.