Forensic medicine can be classified into criminal and civil branches, and the medical field which deals with indemnification for physical and/or mental loss and damage among civil accidents is known as compensation medicine.
In Japan, modern forensic medicine has developed with the main stress on the criminal forensic medicine, and there were few medical studies on accidental compensation until the 1970s.
Since the 1960s, there has been a marked increase in people suffering from whiplash injury in traffic accidents, especially mild cases.
In 1982, a Japanese Workshop on Compensation Medicine was founded, mainly by physicians and lawyers, and the'Journal of Compensation Medicine'became established in Japan.
Compensation medicine in the broad sense is a multidisciplinary field (which could be called'compensation science') that involves scientific studies in various academic fields, including medicine, jurisprudence, engineering, psychology, and so on.
In the narrow sense. it is an academic field which studies compensation cases from a medical standpoint.
The problems relevant to compensation medicine in the narrow sense include (1) correct understanding of the role of exogenous causes. (2) assessment of the reliability of subjective symptoms, (3) assessment of the reliability of objective findings and their medical evaluation, (4) assessment of the reliability of documents prepared by physicians, and (5) the appropriateness of medical treatment and costs. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine légale, Indemnité dédommagement, Japon, Asie, Homme, Accident circulation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Legal medicine, Indemnity, Japan, Asia, Human, Traffic accident
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0378575
Code Inist : 002B30A10. Création : 10/04/1997.