Schematic maps : Cognitive tools for enhancing the early stages of counseling.
The purpose of the present studies was to explore the utility of schematic maps as tools for the early stages of both peer and self-counseling.
In experiment 1 (self-counseling), 42 students from undergraduate general psychology classes participated to fulfill course requirements.
Participants were assigned to either a schematic map or essay group.
They first extracted information about their alcohol-related behavior patterns and then analyzed the patterns from the perspective of a counselor.
In experiment 2 (peer counseling), 38 students from upper-division psychology courses participated for extra credit.
Participants were asked to evaluate behavior patterns, in the form of maps or essays, which were presented either in the same form as they were extracted or were transposed to the other format.
In both studies, assessment consisted of questionnaires that addressed the usefulness of the tools in the counseling process.
Schematic maps are potentially powerful tools for both self-and peer counseling.
For self-counseling, maps were preferred over traditional essay writing.
In addition, the subjective reaction to maps as tools for peer counseling was positive.
Mots-clés Pascal : Conseil psychologique, Formation professionnelle, Traitement, Alcoolisme, Présentation information, Information biomédicale, Prise décision, Adulte, Homme, Personnel sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Psychological counseling, Occupational training, Treatment, Alcoholism, Information layout, Biomedical information, Decision making, Adult, Human, Health staff
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0375720
Code Inist : 002B18H04. Création : 10/04/1997.