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  1. Fulltext. A cross-national trial of brief interventions with heavy drinkers.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    The relative effects of simple advice and brief counseling were evaluated with heavy drinkers identified in primary care and other health settings in eight countries.

    Methods

    Subjects (1260 men, 299 women) with no prior history of alcohol dependence were selected if they consumed alcohol with sufficient frequency or intensity to be considered at risk of alcohol-related problems.

    Subjects were randomly assigned to a control group, a simple advice group, or a group receiving brief counseling.

    Seventy-five percent of subjects were evaluated 9 months later.

    Results

    Male patients exposed to the interventions reported approximately 17% lower average daily alcohol consumption than those in the control group.

    Reductions in the intensity of drinking were approximately 10%. For women, significant reductions were observed in both the control and the intervention groups.

    Five minutes of simple advice were as effective as 20 minutes of brief counseling.

    Conclusions

    Brief interventions are consistently robust across health care settings and sociocultural groups and can make a significant contribution to the secondary prevention of alcohol-related problems if they are widely used in primary care.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Homme, Education sanitaire, Courte durée, Evaluation, Prévention, Etude multicentrique, Etude transculturelle

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Human, Health education, Short lasting, Evaluation, Prevention, Multicenter study, Crosscultural study

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0374124

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 10/04/1997.