This study sought to determine the degree to which injury hospitalization, especially for assaultive injury, is a risk for subsequent hospitalization due to assault.
A New Zealand hospitalization database was used to perform a retrospective cohort study.
Exposure was defined as an injury hospitalization, stratified into assaultive and nonassaultive mechanisms.
Hospitalizations for an assault during a 12-month follow-up period were measured.
Individuals with a prior nonassaultive injury were 3.2 times more likely to be admitted for an assault than those with no injury admission (95% confidence interval [CI]=2.7,3.9).
The relative risk associated with a prior assault was 39.5 (95% CI=35.8,43.5), and the subsequent admission rate did not vary significantly by sex, race, or marital or employment status.
Among those readmitted for an assault, 70% were readmitted within 30 days of the initial hospitalization.
Prior injury is a risk for serious assault, and the risk is even greater if the injury is due to assault.
Risk of readmission for assault is largely independent of demographic factors and greatest within 30 days of the initial assaults.
Mots-clés Pascal : Victimologie, Violence, Traumatisme, Récidive, Hospitalisation, Epidémiologie, Homme, Nouvelle Zélande, Océanie, Facteur risque, Démographie, Statut socioéconomique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Victimology, Violence, Trauma, Relapse, Hospitalization, Epidemiology, Human, New Zealand, Oceania, Risk factor, Demography, Socioeconomic status
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0374121
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 10/04/1997.