This study examined the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and weight control practices in women.
SES, defined by family income, was examined in an economically diverse sample of 998 women in relation to dieting practices by means of multivariate regression analyses controlling for age, ethnicity, smoking, and body mass index.
SES was positively assicated with healthy, but not unhealthy, weight control practices ; inversely related to energy and fat intake ; and positively associated with weight concern and perceived social support for healthy eating and exercice.
SES gradients were particularly striking at the low end of the income distribution (i.e., family income ¾$10 000 per year).
The SES gradient in body mass index persisted in analyses controlling for attitudes and behaviors.
Econcomic deprivation may contribute to high rates of obsesity among lower SES women.
The reasons for this require further research.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Epidémiologie, Statut socioéconomique, Revenu, Classe sociale, Consommation alimentaire, Poids corporel, Surveillance, Femme, Homme, Exercice physique, Comportement alimentaire, Age, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Epidemiology, Socioeconomic status, Tempering, Social class, Food intake, Body weight, Surveillance, Woman, Human, Physical exercise, Feeding behavior, Age, United States, North America, America, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0373381
Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 10/04/1997.