A retrospective analysis of 435 consecutive admissions to a regional bums unit over an 8-year period is presented.
The majority were domestic accidents, while a few were suicidal and two were due to child abuse.
Scalds were commoner than flame bums, 70.6 per cent were children under 12 years, 12.4 per cent had>40 per cent TBSA affected, 66. 9 per cent were deep partial or full thickness burns, 24.4 per cent had signs of shock on admission, 13.6 per cent had smoke inhalation injury.
In spite of these known adverse factors the overall outcome was satisfactory, with a case fatality rate of 7.4 per cent and a residual disability rate of 10.8 per cent.
Good initial resuscitation, a low infection rate (18.4 per cent) and the ready availability of appropriate surgical intervention (35.6 per cent), with good intensive care support, could account for the satisfactory outcome.
Mots-clés Pascal : Brûlure, Epidémiologie, Indice gravité, Etiologie, Symptomatologie, Etude statistique, Homme, Arabie Saoudite, Asie, Traumatisme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Burn, Epidemiology, Severity score, Etiology, Symptomatology, Statistical study, Human, Saudi Arabia, Asia, Trauma
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0373230
Code Inist : 002B16J. Création : 10/04/1997.