The aim was to evaluate and compare diet and dietary habits and levels of cardiovascular risk factors in Lapp and Finnish reindeer herders.
Dietary data were obtained by postal inquiry and by 24-hour recall.
Body weight, height and blood pressure were measured and blood tests taken during a visit to the local health centre.
Subjects were 668 male reindeer herders in Finnish Lapland, 56 of whom were Lapps, 497 Finnish and 115 whose ethnic group remained unknown.
The mean age of the subjects was 43 years.
A high daily intake of total fat (42% E), saturated fatty acids (24% E) and dietary cholesterol (601 mg) and a low intake of carbohydrates and fibre were observed relative to dietary recommendations.
One third of the herders were overweight (BMI over 27 kg/m2).
Serum total cholesterol and systolic and diastolic blood pressure were elevated in the majority of the subjects, and 37% of them were current smokers.
The Lapps consumed more reindeer meat (194 g/day vs. 65 g/day, p<0.001), more margarine (14 g vs. 7 g, p<0.05) and less milk products (618 g vs. 929 g, p<0.001) than the Finns.
Due to different food patterns, intakes of total fat, saturated fatty acids, calcium and riboflavin were lower in the Lapps but intakes of protein, potassium and iron were higher.
The Lapps were 3 cm shorter than the Finns, but body weight and BMI were similar. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Finlande, Europe, Ethnie, Finnois, Nutriment, Consommation alimentaire, Athérosclérose, Facteur risque, Activité professionnelle, Coutume alimentaire, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Comportement alimentaire, Homme, Gardien troupeau, Lapon
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Finland, Europe, Ethnic group, Finnish, Nutrient, Food intake, Atherosclerosis, Risk factor, Professional activity, Food habit, Cardiovascular disease, Feeding behavior, Human, Helder, Lapp
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0370323
Code Inist : 002B12B01. Création : 10/04/1997.