The aim of this study was to identify characteristics of emergency services personnel related to acute dissociative responses at the time of critical incident exposure, a phenomenon designated peritraumatic dissociation.
The authors studied 157 rescue workers who responded to the Nimitz Freeway collapse during the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in the San Francisco Bay Area as well as 201 rescue workers who were not involved in that disaster.
Demographics, level of critical incident exposure, perceived threat at the time of exposure, personality attributes (assessed by the Hogan Personality Inventory), coping strategies (assessed by the Ways of Coping Questionnaire), and locus of control were related to subjects'scores on the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire.
According to univariate tests, the subjects with clinically meaningful levels of peritraumatic dissociation were younger ; reported greater exposure to critical incident stress ; felt greater perceived threat ; had lower scores on the adjustment, identity, ambition, and prudence scales of the Hogan Personality Inventory ; had higher scores on measures of coping by means of escape-avoidance, self-control, and active problem solving ; and had greater externality in locus of control. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Personnel sanitaire, Urgence, Exposition, Stress, Séisme, Facteur risque, Dissociation syndrome, Posttraumatisme syndrome, Trouble anxieux, Vulnérabilité, Personnalité, Coping, Comportement social, Contrôle externe interne, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health staff, Emergency, Exposure, Stress, Earthquakes, Risk factor, Dissociative syndrome, Posttraumatic syndrome, Anxiety disorder, Vulnerability, Personality, Coping, Social behavior, Locus of control, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0366859
Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 10/04/1997.