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  1. Peacekeeping and peacemaking : The conceptual foundations of a plan to reduce violence and improve the quality of life in a midsized community in Jamaica.

    Article - En anglais

    THOMAS JEFFERSON noted that social ills breed economic ills and vice versa.

    An endless regress can occur with violence and mayhem as a chorus : Every community in the world has its own thresholds and patterns of violence, and communities experience varied levels of deterioration of safety with a reciprocal increase in violence.

    The United States, having undergone 200 years of social evolution as an independent nation, has a spiraling problem with violence.

    Jamaica, with only recent independence from British sovereignty, is an ideal crucible for the study of evolution of violence in a very young democracy and, hopefully, to identify problems and provide some solutions.

    Having gained independence from British rule in 1962, Jamaica immediately demonstrated a facile experimentation with forms of government that differed dramatically from what had been previously experienced under the rather rigid, autocratic British administration.

    In its 33 years of independence, this country has gone through some extraordinary shifts.

    An initial courtship with Communist theory led to a destructive liaison with Fidel Castro's version of Marxism.

    During this brief interlude, the intellectual ideals of equality and peace came into direct contrast with facts of a failing Communist regime.

    During this period, there was a steady exodus of wealthy Jamaican families for whom heavy taxation threatened financial ruin. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Violence, Qualité vie, Jamaïque, Antilles, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Prévention, Santé mentale, Programme sanitaire, Programme social, Agressivité, Altruisme, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Violence, Quality of life, Jamaica, West Indies, Central America, America, Prevention, Mental health, Sanitary program, Social program, Aggressiveness, Altruism, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0366236

    Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 10/04/1997.