Cost accounting of adult intensive care : Methods and human and capital inputs.
To cost adult intensive care by determining inputs to production, resource consumption per patient, and total cost per intensive care unit (ICU) stay.
Prospective cost-accounting analysis of each patient stay in the ICU, over a 1-yr period.
An 11-bed, medical/surgical adult ICU, in a 932-bed urban teaching hospital.
All patients'admissions to an adult ICU over a 1-yr period, excluding those patients admitted solely for repeat hemodialysis.
Measurement and Main Results
Demographic information was collected, including age, gender, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, primary reason for ICU admission, operative (elective and emergency) and nonoperative status, ICU length of stay, and ICU outcome.
Direct patient care costs were accounted to individual patients whose care generated those costs, and indirect patient care costs were averaged over all patients in the ICU on a daily basis.
Costs were collected for human (nursing, medical, professional, and support staff) and capital (laboratory, diagnostic imaging, supplies, drugs, and equipment) resources.
Cost information was available on 690 patients (43% female, 57% male).
Cost/day/patient was $1,508 ± 475 (1992 Canadian dollars) and the average cost per ICU stay was $7,520 ± 11,606.
Median cost/stay for all patients was $2,600.
Cost per ICU stay was<$5,000 in 68% of patients, with an ICU survival rate of 85%. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Unité soin intensif, Analyse coût, Economie santé, Adulte, Homme, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Intensive care unit, Cost analysis, Health economy, Adult, Human, Canada, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0357393
Code Inist : 002B30A04B. Création : 10/04/1997.