While sophisticated data on specific problems are available, very little is known about the overall quality of life of long-term survivors of malignancies in childhood.
We used a previously validated 15-dimensional questionnaire to examine the perceived health-related quality of life of 168 survivors, currently aged 16-35 years, who had been treated for a malignancy at a single institution between 1961 and 1993.
All had been off therapy for at least 1 year (median, 12 years).
In statistical terms, the quality of life score of the survivors was significantly better than that of 129 normal controls [0.966 versus 0.941 (theoretical maximum 1), respectively ; P<0.001] ; however, a difference of this magnitude is most likely not clinically significant.
There were no associations between original diagnosis and present quality of life, but the numbers in each diagnostic group were small.
The survivors reported significantly better levels of vitality, distress, depression, discomfort, elimination and sleeping dimensions than the controls.
Although we are presently not able to identify all the contributing factors, we speculate that the high perceived quality of life of long-term survivors of childhood malignancies is at least in part a consequence of denial mechanisms which compensate or even overcompensate the objectively measurable late effects of childhood cancer.
Mots-clés Pascal : Qualité vie, Tumeur maligne, Enfant, Homme, Questionnaire, Courbe survie, Epidémiologie, Moyen terme, Technique mesure
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Quality of life, Malignant tumor, Child, Human, Questionnaire, Survival curve, Epidemiology, Medium term, Measurement technique
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0356557
Code Inist : 002B04A. Création : 10/04/1997.